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Comprehensive Guide to The EU AI Act

Summary of the AI Act (AIA)

The Artificial Intelligence Act (AIA) is a proposed regulation by the European Union that seeks to create a regulatory framework for the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in the EU. The AIA is based on the premise that AI has the potential to bring about significant benefits for society, but that it also poses risks for certain fundamental rights, such as the right to privacy and the right to non-discrimination. The AIA aims to strike a balance between promoting the benefits of AI and mitigating these risks.

The AIA divides AI systems into three categories:

  • Unacceptable AI: This category includes AI systems that pose an unacceptable risk to human safety, fundamental rights and values, or public security. For instance, this category includes AI systems that are used for social scoring, deepfakes, and autonomous weapons.
  • High-risk AI: This category includes AI systems that pose a high risk to certain fundamental rights and values, such as AI systems used for automated decision-making that can significantly affect individuals in their daily lives. AI systems within this category are subject to stricter regulatory requirements, including mandatory prior conformity assessments, requirements for data protection and transparency, and requirements for human oversight.
  • Non-high-risk AI: This category includes AI systems that do not pose a high risk to fundamental rights and values. These systems are subject to certain general obligations, such as data protection and transparency, but they are not subject to the same stringent regulatory requirements as high-risk AI systems.

The AIA also sets out a number of requirements for specific AI applications, such as AI used for facial recognition, AI used for online advertising, and AI used for children. These requirements aim to address the specific risks associated with these applications.

The AIA is still under discussion and is likely to be amended before it is adopted. However, it represents a significant step towards creating a regulatory framework for AI in the EU.

Glossary of terms used in the EU AI Act
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Implementation requirements for EU AI Act, and how to approach them
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When will corporations and governments need to comply with the EU AI act?
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What will the process be like to get a high-risk application approved by the EU commission?
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What are some specific examples of how governments and corporations can implement these countermeasures
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What countermeasures are governments and corporations supposed to take against the risks of high-risk AI?
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What are regulatory requirements on high-risk AI systems that are not required from non-high-risk AI systems?
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What are examples of specific AI applications that would be considered high-risk under the AIA
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What are examples of High-risk AI in the act?
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